“Pillars” Spanish Colonial Reales

Posted by on September 9, 2012
SC SCR 1516 1566 Mexico 4 Reales obverse 300x294 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales

"Pillars" Mexico 4 Reales - obverse

From 1536 to 1572 the first silver real type was minted in Mexico City (Mexico), Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic), and Lima (Peru).  This type is called a “Pillars” real because its obverse has two crowned pillars rising from the ocean in the center of its obverse. King Charles I of Spain later became Charles V the Holy Roman Emperor.

3112184512064040 1 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
EARLY 1722 SPANISH SILVER CROSS 2 REALES PISTAREEN! (WE25)
$109.95
Time Remaining: 6h 24m
2717130940734040 1 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
Atocha Shipwreck Authentic Silver Spanish 8 Reales. Philip III. Potosi
$140.00
Time Remaining: 14h 31m
2717130942754040 1 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
Atocha Shipwreck Authentic Silver Spanish 8 Reales. Philip III. Potosi
$140.00
Time Remaining: 14h 31m
3910030257764040 1 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
elf Bolivia Spanish 8 Reales 1796 PTS PP
$190.00
Time Remaining: 15h 23m
2314224462984040 1 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
1858 Silver Spanish 4 Reales *** Extremely Rare in This High of Grade- KM#608.1
$199.95
Time Remaining: 16h 48m
2517575077744040 1 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
1773 8 Reales Carolus III Spanish Shipwreck Silver Coin NR!
$149.00
Time Remaining: 18h 26m
3014458896144040 1 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
BOLIVIA POTOSI 8 REALES 1781 PR SILVER SPANISH COLONIAL *** U over U in CAROLUS
$125.00
Time Remaining: 4d 8h 46m
3712194522434040 1 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
elf Bolivia Spanish 8 Reales 1813 PTS PJ
$165.00
Time Remaining: 6d 12h 32m
3712194524044040 1 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
elf Bolivia Spanish 8 Reales 1802 PTS PP
$165.00
Time Remaining: 6d 12h 32m

The pillars represent the Pillars of Hercules which makes the furthest point of Hercules travels during his twelve labors.  The two island mountain land marks associated with the Pillars of Hercules are at the entrance of the Strait of Gibraltar.  King Charles V’s motto of “PLVS VLTRA”, which is Latin for “further beyond”, runs across the center of the coin’s obverse and is sub-divided by the pillars.  The denomination is marked with a number between the Pillars and the legend is in a ring running along the rim "HISPANIARVM:ET:INDIARUM" which translates as "Spain and the Indies".  Columbus had initially thought he had made it to India and this inscription indicates it's from the Spain's holdings in the New World.

SC SCR 1516 1566 Mexico 4 Reales reverse 300x298 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales

"Pillars" Mexico 4 Reales - obverse

The reverse has the coat of arms for Spain.  Under King Charles V of the Kingdom of Castle and Leon the castle (Gules) and lion (Argent rampant purpure) are alternated in the quadrants of the shield.  On the left side of the coat of arms is the mint mark and the right has an initial of the assayer.  Its legend also in a ring rounding along the rim indicates the monarch.  "CAROLUS.E. JOHANA.REGES" translating as "Carlos and Johanna, King and Queen of Spain".  However, since King Philip II came into power in 1556 he ordered the opening of the mint at Lima, pure and had "Philip II" replace "Carlos and Johanna.

The mint in Mexico City minted coins for the Spanish colonies from 1536 until 1821 and used a mint mark composed of a “M” with a smaller “o” above and center in the middle of the M’s v, however sometime only an “M” was used.  The Mexico City mint started adding the dates to the coins it struck in 1607.

The Santo Domingo was opened in 1542 and was closed in 1564.  Its mint mark is “SP” or an alaberate combination having the “S” overlapping the bar on the “D” and a small “o” centered above.  All of the Santo Domingo’s “Pillars” coins are considered to be rare.

SC SCR 1542 1555 Mexico Real obverse1 300x291 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales

"Pillars" Mexico 1 Real - obverse

The Lima mint in Peru opened during 1568 and was closed in 1572.  The Lima mint would be opened and closed another three times before 1824; however it was the only mint that struck all five design types for the Spanish colonies.  It used six different mint marks over the two and a half plus centuries: “P” which was used for all these pillar silver reals, “P” with a star centered above it, “L”, “LM”, “LIMA”, and “ME” which overlapped slightly.  It was not until 1659 that dates would be struck on their coins.

SC SCR 1542 1555 Mexico Real reverse 294x300 Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales

"Pillars" Mexico Real - reverse

Since there are no dates on these coins the assayers’ initial is the only notation that lends itself to identifying when, during the thirty-six years the pillars design was being used, a particular coin was struck.  For example those coins struck at Mexico City with the assayer Juan Gutierrez, who used “G” as his mark, it is known from the mints records that Gutierrez was the assayer from 1543 to 1545.  However this mints records before 1542 have been missing for centuries now and Gutierrez personal papers indicate that he started working at the Mexico City mint in 1539.  Even though the King appointed each colony’s mint secretary it was a common practice for the holder of the royal appointment to lease the position and there is difficulty in surmising when some of the assayers held their position.

513PX7SWJVL. SL75  Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
Spanish Colonial Silver Coins in the Florida Collection (Florida Heritage)
List Price: $49.95
Sale Price: $41.90
You save: $8.05 (16%)
shipping Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales  Eligible for free shipping!
517Wq1WaRUL. SL75  Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
The World That Made New Orleans: From Spanish Silver to Congo Square
List Price: $24.95
Sale Price: $14.69
You save: $10.26 (41%)
shipping Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales  Eligible for free shipping!
61TK6jz50EL. SL75  Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
Pirate (DK Eyewitness Books)
List Price: $16.99
Sale Price: $10.23
You save: $6.76 (40%)
shipping Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales  Eligible for free shipping!
515STINzWUL. SL75  Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
TRACKING TREASURE BY COMPUTER: With Computerized Scatter Patterns of Treasure Finds
51a2FDrhoEL. SL75  Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
Ever Wonder Why?
List Price: $6.99
Sale Price: $2.45
You save: $4.54 (65%)
shipping Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales  Eligible for free shipping!
51AQM6SV3PL. SL75  Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales
Cobs, Pieces of Eight and Treasure Coins: The Early Spanish-American Mints and their Coinages 1536-1773
List Price: $125.00
Sale Price: $101.64
You save: $23.36 (19%)
shipping Pillars Spanish Colonial Reales  Eligible for free shipping!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

346,778 Spam Comments Blocked so far by Spam Free Wordpress

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>